of the COVID-19 pandemic on women
Up to 90% of doctors and social workers are women. They are at risk due to lack of personal protective
equipment, overtime work without adequate compensation and transport
restrictions. The number of cases of domestic violence, as well as the amount
of domestic responsibilities, has increased. The
majority of businesses affected by the pandemic and the economic crisis are
micro-businesses and the self-employed. They are statistically
dominated by women with limited financial security.
1. Evaluation of
reform policies of the Parliament and Government during the period of September
2019 – June 2020 and their compliance with inclusivity and men’s and women’s
rights as mentioned in the Toronto Principles (based on the analysis of the
Government Program, the plans of the ministries and the adopted/rejected
Ministries and central authorities are executing the
National Action Plan to implement UN Security Council Resolution 1325
"Women, Peace, Security" by 2020.
In December 2019, the Law of Ukraine “On Amendments to
Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Granting the Status and
Social Guarantees to Individuals Participating in the Anti-Terrorist Operation”
was adopted. According to the Law, female volunteers are officially recognized
as veterans and receive the right to social guarantees equal to those of men.
2019, the Ministry of Development of Communities and Territories of Ukraine
approved the Gender Equality Strategy for 2019–2021. Among the main tools for
implementing the Strategy, is gender-based budgeting (hereinafter - GBB) in
communities based on gender profiles of the communities.
The Ministry of Finance of Ukraine has approved a rule
according to which the main managers in the formation of indicators of budget
programs should indicate the degree of providing for equal rights and
opportunities for women and men, the benefits for society in terms of gender
equality (amendments to the Order
of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine "On Performance
Indicators of the Budgetary Program"
dated December 10, 2010 № 1536; Order “On State Budget Expenditure Reviews”
dated October 23, 2019 № 446, which contains gender indicators in the form of a
budget execution report).
The Electoral Code, which entered into force on 1 January
2020, increased the responsibility for non-compliance with the gender quota.
The quota was
changed positively from 30% to practically 40%
in parliamentary elections and elections to regional and city councils with the
number of voters above 90 000. The Code does not provide for a mechanism for
replacing a candidate in case of cancellation of his/her registration by a
candidate of the same sex. In
lower-level local elections, a quota of 30% will apply - without the
requirement of setting the order of priority, which creates a risk of placing
candidates mainly in the bottom part of the list.
The reduction of state funding on parliamentary parties due to the adoption on
2 October 2019 of amendments to the Law of Ukraine "On Political Parties
in Ukraine" has affected the existing mechanism to encourage parties to
Reform of labor legislation
In 2019, the Government introduced a Bill on Labor
Law Reform (№
2708), which violated national legislation, including Article 22 of the
Constitution of Ukraine on the impossibility of limiting the existing rights in
the adoption of new laws, the principle of equality of rights of women and men
in the labor market, and did not comply with Ukraine’s obligations under the
Association Agreement with the European Union. On 4 March 2020, the project was
withdrawn due to the resignation of the Government.
The Law of Ukraine "On Full General Secondary Education" was
adopted. It contains an article on the prohibition of discrimination in
education, and refers to the Law of Ukraine "On Education" in
determining the principles of state education policy, including research,
international obligations, human rights and freedoms, the principle of equal
opportunities for all, non-interference of religious organizations in the
The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (hereinafter -
CMU) updated the Procedure for professional development of pedagogical and
scientific-pedagogical workers, which gave the right to choose the subject of
professional development in areas defined by the Law of Ukraine "On
Education", including those related to equality, human rights, awareness
on equal rights and opportunities.
Health care and social sphere
Provisions on gender equality are enshrined in the State
Strategy for Combating HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis for the
period by 2030, approved by the Government in November 2019, which indicates
the need to measure gender inequality in access to services.
In 2020, the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine approved
by an order:
recommendations on the inclusion in collective agreements and provisional
agreements aimed at ensuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men
in labor relations;
- Instruction on
integration of gender approaches in the development of regulations;
- Guidelines for
assessing gender impact of sectoral reforms.
Combating discrimination and/or hate speech in the media and
other areas is not set as a priority for the Government or Parliament.
During this period, the Parliament of Ukraine submitted
bills that increase the responsibility for discrimination on the grounds of sex
in the media/advertising (the bill "On Media" № 2693); “On Amendments
to the Law of Ukraine ‘On Advertising’ on Combating Discrimination on the Grounds
of Sex" № 3427.
Recommendations for priority actions in 2020-2021:
Agenda “Women, Peace, Security”
- To add new target groups to the
process of development of the National Action Plan 1325 for the period of 2021
and the implementation, monitoring of the agenda "Women, Peace,
Security". Such new target groups should include widows, veterans, IDPs,
wives of veterans, women victims of torture, women prisoners and women members
of the families of prisoners, etc.
- To introduce systematic training on
the agenda "Women, Peace, Security" for representatives in industry
and local institutions, training centers for professionals and managers at
various levels of government.
- To adopt amendments to the
legislation on the prevention, protection and counteraction of sexual violence
related to the conflict
- To ensure the inclusion of the
gender component in the strategy of regional development for the period
- To insure implementation and
monitoring of state building codes "Inclusiveness of buildings and
- To include a gender component in the
resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers on methods of forming capable
- To ensure full implementation of the
orders of the Ministry of Finance of Ukraine on GBB. To analyze the legislation
on local self-government and include the consideration for the gender component
in the elaboration of local development programs in villages, settlements, city
- To ensure the effectiveness of the
gender quota in terms of replacing a candidate for the MP position with a
candidate of the same sex in case of cancellation of his/her registration and
the order in the lists at elections at all levels.
- To reduce the election deposit.
- To restore the amount of financial
incentives for parliamentary parties that promote a more balanced
representation of women.
- To amend the Law of Ukraine “On
Political Parties in Ukraine” on defining the areas of use of public funding by
adding the promotion of gender equality.
Reform of labor legislation
- To prevent limiting the existing rights and guarantees
for employees, while developing the reform of labor legislation in Ukraine; to
take into account the principle of equal rights and opportunities for women and
men. To identify women's economic empowerment as one of the priorities for the
- To provide legal instruments that
will promote the implementation of the principle of equal pay for work of equal
- To ratify the conventions of the
International Labor Organization No.171 (On Night-Time Work), № 183 (On
Maternity Protection), No.189 (Convention on Domestic Workers), № 190 (On
Combating Violence and Harassment in the Workplace), harmonize national
legislation with them, take measures to denounce Convention No.45 (On the
Prohibition of the Work of Women in Underground Work).
- To regulate the legislative
provision of labor safety in the face of difficult, harmful and dangerous
working conditions, as well as conditions of increased risk to life and health.
- To integrate the EU Directive
"On work-life balance of parents and guardians" into legislation.
- Adopt a draft law on amendments to
some legislative acts to ensure equal opportunities for mother and father to
care for a child (No.3695 dated 19 June 2020).
1. Take into account the gender
component, the principles of non-discrimination, eliminate stereotypes about
women and men in the development of:
- laws "On Preschool
Education", "On Adult Education", "On Vocational
- state standards of preschool, vocational,
basic and specialized secondary, higher education, adult education and relevant
- professional standards in education.
2. To adopt:
- strategy for gender equality in
- provisions on anti-discrimination
examination of educational content and educational space
- a comprehensive action plan of the
Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine (hereafter – MES) to fulfill
obligations under international documents and platforms in the field of gender
3. To strengthen the internal mechanism
for ensuring gender equality in the MES system.
4. To adopt a bill on amendments to the
Law of Ukraine "On Education" to ensure the quality of educational
literature (No.3900 dated July 17, 2020).
Health care and social sphere
ensure equal access for women and girls to medical care of high quality
and financial protection in the event of illness or temporary disability, with
a special focus on vulnerable women, rural women, and IDP women (those living
in the "gray zone"), as well as those who living with HIV/AIDS
(PLHIV), tuberculosis (TB), drug addicts, those who are in conflict with the
- To provide a comprehensive study of
the availability of medical services, including services for the protection of
women's reproductive health, to regulate the issue of surrogacy.
- To intensify reforms in the social
- to develop in the cities and
communities a network of specialized services for victims of domestic and
gender-based violence, medical and social care centers, mobile teams, day
centers and shelters, as well as other forms of care in medical institutions;
- to legislate the possibility of
providing social services at the expense of local budgets to public
organizations and charitable foundations;
- ensure access to social services for
vulnerable women, women with children and women from rural areas.
- To amend the Law of Ukraine "On
Advertising" to combat gender-based discrimination.
- To account for the principle of
non-discrimination on the grounds of sex and other characteristics and to
establish sanctions for committing the relevant offense in the Law of Ukraine
- To instruct the National Council of
Ukraine on Television and Radio Broadcasting to develop standards for ensuring
a balanced representation of both sexes in the media as experts and heroes,
gender-sensitive speech, coverage of domestic and gender-based violence. To
introduce an appropriate mechanism of sanctions.
- To develop and approve a strategy
for gender-sensitive and inclusive speech, the use of femininities.
strengthen the National Mechanism of Gender Equality by training employees
responsible for the implementation and coordination of gender policy in
all central executive bodies (hereinafter - CEBs), create advisory bodies
to CEBs on gender equality, develop gender competencies of CEBs
professionals, local governments. To expand channels for advocating the
inclusion of gender component into the reforms
- To approve in the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine the order of
the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine "On approval of Methodical
recommendations for assessing the gender impact of sectoral reforms"
dated April 14, 2020 No.257.
strengthen resistance to anti-gender movements.
strengthen monitoring of the implementation of national policies on gender
introduce a mechanism to assess the impact of reforms on women and men,
including those facing multiple forms of discrimination.
involve women's organizations and gender experts in planning and
implementing the reforms at various levels.
develop a mechanism for including the gender component in the development
of the state budget and financial-economic justification of the
determine the obligation to conduct legal examination in terms of gender
of draft laws by all subjects of legislative initiative.
adopt the order of the Cabinet of Ministers "On data collection for
monitoring of gender equality".
ratify Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence
against women and domestic violence.
strengthen monitoring and implementation of the Convention on the
Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Beijing
Platform for Action, including through accession to the Biarritz